Merdeka.com – The implementation of the National Health Insurance Program organized by BPJS Health continues to be in the world’s spotlight. In the midst of various dynamics of program implementation which is in its 8th year, more and more parties want to know how Indonesia as a developing country manages a social security program that has the largest number of membership coverages in the world. One of them is Kansai University in Osaka, Japan.
BPJS Kesehatan had the opportunity to give a public lecture related to the implementation of the National Health Insurance (JKN) at Kansai University, Osaka Japan, Thursday (29/09). On the occasion, the Director of Supervision, Examination and Inter-Institutional Relations of BPJS Kesehatan Mundiharno and Chairman of the Supervisory Board of BPJS Kesehatan Abdul Kadir gave an overview of the management of health insurance in Indonesia. Also attending the event was the Director of Expansion and Services for BPJS Health Participants, David Bangun.
“Indonesia has had integrated social security, especially health insurance since 2014. Indonesia is a country with the fourth largest population in the world and has more than 17,000 islands, thus adding to the complexity and challenges of achieving Universal Health Coverage (UHC). ” said Mundiharno.
As of September 2022, the number of JKN-KIS participants has reached 246 million participants or about 90% of the total population of Indonesia. This participation has continued to increase rapidly since 2014, much faster than other countries that run similar programs. Meanwhile, the UHC target set by the National Long-Term Development Plan (RPJMN) is 98% of the Indonesian population.
“Although it seems that it is in sight, the process to get there still requires hard work from all parties, from the government, medical personnel, health facilities, to the community itself,” he said.
Meanwhile, Chairman of the Supervisory Board of BPJS Kesehatan Abdul Kadir said that the journey of the JKN program in Indonesia to achieve UHC was proven to be carried out in a relatively short time. However, in the implementation of this program, there are still some improvements that need to be made.
“Efforts to improve that are currently being carried out by the Government, BPJS Health and all stakeholders, are still on the right track or on the right track. A strong commitment from the government and support from all stakeholders is needed to make this program more qualified,” said Kadir.
Kadir added that the challenge in terms of improving the financial sustainability of the current JKN Program is not only to ensure that more income is collected than spent, but also to ensure that the benefit packages provided in JKN are effective and efficient.
On this occasion, Kadir also provided an understanding of the importance of formulating public policies, especially in the health sector. As an alumni of Hiroshima University, Japan who also served as Director General at the Indonesian Ministry of Health, Kadir also provided a basic understanding of the importance of public policy courses in all aspects of system design at the government level.
A total of 75 Kansai University students were accompanied by one of the lecturers in the field of social insurance, Professor Shinegori Ishida, who attended as a fulfillment of a mandatory course, namely Introduction to Public Policy and Comparative Law in Asia. In the question and answer session, several students discussed in more detail the national social security system in force in Indonesia and solutions to the problems of implementing social security in countries with low birth ratios such as Japan.